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Low-stack emission and health

Polish air is bad for human’s health

Polish air is mostly polluted by particulate matter and benzo[a]pyrene.

Particulate matter consists mostly of particles of soot. When it comes to the size, 2 types of particles are distinguished – PM10 and smaller PM 2.5. Those small particles are particularly dangerous as they easily get into the blood circulation system and reach vital organs in our bodies together with blood, hurting them.

Benzo[a]pyrene is a carcinogenic and mutagenic compound of soot which is classified as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon created in the processes burning wood, coal and waste. It easily joins with particulate matter and on it gets into our breathing system. B[a]p is also present in the tobacco smoke which bad effects are well known. Even if we do not smoke, but we breathe polluted air, we inhale it.

Living in unhealthy air may cause:

  • Respiratory diseases (lung cancer, asthma, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease)
  • Cardiovascular diseases (heart attack, hypertension)
  • Nervous system diseases (stroke, problems with memory and concentration)

What is more, the more trivial (but still impeding normal life) ailments – like chronic cough and catarrh are also the effects of bad air quality.

Highly prone to problems resulting from living in the environment with bad air quality are: small children, pregnant women (together with the fetus) and elderly people.

Air quality data may be found on the webpages of Regional Funds of Environment Protection and wather management.


Efektywna Polska
Address: ul. Felicjanek 10/6, Kraków, Polska
Telephone: +48 12 222 50 11


The Initiative is Efficient Poland is National Supporting Partner for the Renovate Europe Campaign
Renovate Europe