- polski (Polish)
Poland is a red hotspot on the European air quality map
Nearly all the country has serious problems with the concentrations of mutagenic and carcinogenic benzo[a]pyrene – B[a]P.
According to the data provided in the European Topic Centre on Air Pollution and Climate Change Mitigation the annual average concentration of B[a]P for the whole Poland amounted in 2011 to 5,1 ng/m3. Only two other countries exceeded the limit of 1ng/m3 – the Czech Republic and Hungary, with concentrations much lower than in Poland – approximately 2ng/m3. All other countries managed to stay within the limit.
So far in Poland a lot has been done in the case of pollution from industry (e.g. SO2). The major source of air pollution in Poland are low stack emissions, which come mostly from individual heating of houses with coal stoves/solid fuel boilers.
Polish air is mostly polluted by:
- Particulate matter – PM10 and PM 2,5 (main source – solid fuel stoves and boilers)
- Benzo[a]pyrene – B[a]P (main source – solid fuel stoves and boilers)
- Nitrodioxyde – (main source – car transport)
Big European cities do not have problems with meeting the target values for B[a]P and in Kraków this value is often exceeded even 7 fold:
The problem of low emission in Poland is not only present in the bug cities, annual norms for average concentration of pollutants are exceeded in smaller cities and villages too.